Aktuální číslo

Rok: 2021

Ročník: 35

Číslo: 1


Věčnost, čas a dějiny v patristickém myšlení

Uspořádala: Magdalena Marunová


Obsah

Magdalena Marunová:

Předmluva

Markéta Dudziková:

„Správná chvíle, která rodí do života“; Čas a ctnost v Homiliích na knihu Kazatel Řehoře z Nyssy

Lenka Karfíková:

Čas a intence u Augustina

Filip Horáček:

Spása a čas u křesťanského novoplatonika Synesia

Róbert Horka:

Vyjadrenie časnosti a večnosti v epose Venantia Fortunata Život svatého Martina

Autoři studií


Celé číslo ke stažení (pdf)


„Správná chvíle, která rodí do života“; Čas a ctnost v Homiliích na knihu Kazatel Řehoře z Nyssy

Autor:

Markéta Dudziková

Abstrakt:

“One Moment which Produces Live Offspring”: Time and Virtue in Gregory of Nyssa’s Homilies on Ecclesiastes. According to Gregory of Nyssa, the aim of the Book of Ecclesiastes is to show the futility, that is the unsubstantiality, of the sensible nature, thereby turning a reader from the sensible towards the intelligible. Gregory’s description of right and wrong desires makes clear that the intelligible could be understood through its difference as well as its similarity to the sensible. This paper focuses on Gregory’s concept of the right moment (καιρός) for virtue, which is not determined by any specific time but rather by human decision – yet there are still some temporal characteristics to the right moment for virtue.

Klíčová slova:

Gregory of Nyssa, In Ecclesiasten homiliae, Time, Kairos, Virtue

Citace:

DUDZÍKOVÁ, Markéta. „Správná chvíle, která rodí do života“; Čas a ctnost v Homiliích na knihu Kazatel Řehoře z Nyssy. Studie a texty Evangelické teologické fakulty. 2021, č. 1, s. 1-21.

Článek ke stažení (pdf)

Čas a intence u Augustina

Autor:

Lenka Karfíková

Abstrakt:

The article elaborates Augustine’s concept of the intention of the soul, which is substantial for his idea of time. This motif, very important in the eleventh book of the “Confessions”, gradually crystallises in Augustine’s earlier works. In the treatise “On the Immortality of the Soul”, both intention and time are dealt with in the analysis of movement. In connection with sense perception, time and intention are discussed in the sixth book “On Music”. Having analysed both these texts, as well as the eleventh book of the “Confessions”, the article tries to summarise Augustine’s idea of time as an interval with its be-ginning and end centred through the intention of the soul.

Klíčová slova:

Late Ancient Philosophy; Patristic Thinking; Augustine; Time; Inten-tion; Perception

Citace:

KARFÍKOVÁ, Lenka. Čas a intence u Augustina. Studie a texty Evangelické teologické fakulty. 2021, č. 1, s. 23-43.

Článek ke stažení (pdf)

Spása a čas u křesťanského novoplatonika Synesia

Autor:

Filip Horáček

Abstrakt:

Although Synesius considered himself a Christian, his Neoplatonic world-view reaches so far as to dominate even his Christianity; time seems to run in cycles for him and its course is expressis verbis held for endless. The Christ he talks about in his Hymns (especially H. 8) is rather the highest metaphysical principle, Puri-fier of the sub- and supralunar worlds and described from the perspective of his eternal being born of the Father within the scope of the orthodox Trinity. There are only isolated mentions in the hymns that just barely prove the author actually conceived of Christ’s having come into the world in history (it is repeatedly shown by his mentions of Christ’s birth). The two worlds, Neoplatonic and Christian, cannot be reconciled in Synesius’ thought, with the result that his Christianity is manipulated by his Neoplatonism. Without that which he held for Christian faith, his Neoplatonic doctrine would have been unproblematic. So it is precisely this fact what shows that he, for all his deepest Platonic convictions, was a Christian, even though of a very problematic sort.

Klíčová slova:

Synesius of Cyrene; time; eternity; Christology; Neoplatonism

Citace:

HORÁČEK, Filip. Spása a čas u křesťanského novoplatonika Synesia. Studie a texty Evangelické teologické fakulty. 2021, č. 1, s. 45-70.

Článek ke stažení (pdf)

Vyjadrenie časnosti a večnosti v epose Venantia Fortunata Život svatého Martina

Autor:

Róbert Horka

Abstrakt:

The hagiographic Epic Life of St. Martin is the only epic composition within the work of Venantius Fortunatus, who is rightly called the last ancient and first medieval Latin poet. In four books, he poetically rewrites two prose writings of Sulpicius Severus: The Life of St. Martin and The Dialogues, but he adds his own perspective to the matter too. Martin is in his poem described as a Christ on earth incarnate, who walks across the country and performs many kinds of miracles. Fortunatus tells the life stories of the saint as a journey and there-fore the timeline of the miracles contains such terms as ‘then’, ‘from this’, ‘after this’, ‘next’ etc. as a dynamic principle, which connects individual episodes of Martin’s life into a true story. Nevertheless, at the end of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th book of this work Fortunatus has placed his own vision of the apotheosis of the saintly bishop, which is described as a static ecphrasis, as a document of immutability and sta-bility in the blessed eternity in heaven. In these parts Fortunatus stops the whole stream and turns it into a picture, or a mosaic, full of gold and gems. In this way, he was also able to express the temporality and finiteness of earthly life in the form of a journey and the stability and immutability of eternal life in the form of a picture.

Klíčová slova:

St. Augustine, distentio animae, ekphrasis, intentio animae, jewels, Life of St. Martin, Venantius Fortunatus

Citace:

HORKA, Róber. Vyjadrenie časnosti a večnosti v epose Venantia Fortunata Život svatého Martina. Studie a texty Evangelické teologické fakulty. 2021, č. 1, s. 71-81.

Článek ke stažení (pdf)


Poslední změna: 30. duben 2022 22:34 
Sdílet na:  
Váš názor
Kontakty

Univerzita Karlova

Evangelická teologická fakulta

Černá 646/9, pošt. přihr. 529

115 55 Praha 1


221 988 216


ID datové schránky UK: piyj9b4


Jak k nám